Sathananthan, A.H. (1985) Maturation of the human oocyte in vitro: nuclear events during meiosis (an ultrastructural study). Gamete Res. 12:237-254

Sathananthan, A.H. (1997a) Ultrasructure of the human egg. Human Cell 10:21-38

Sathananthan, A.H. (1997b) Mitosis in the human embryo: the vital role of the sperm centrosome (centriole). Histol. Histopathol. 12: 827-856

Sathananthan, A.H. (1996) Editor. Visual Atlas of Human Sperm Structure and Function for Assisted Reproductive Technology. Obstretics & Gynaecology, National University of Singapore & Serono,Singapore.pp.279

Sathananthan, A.H. (1998a) Paternal centrosomal dynamics in early human development and infertility. J. Assist. Reprod. Genet. 15: 129-139.

Sathananthan, A.H. (1998b) Human gametes and fertilization.
Modern Reprod.
Med. 1: 12-21.

Sathananthan, A.H. (2000) Ultrastructure of human gametes, fertilization and embryo development. In Handbook of In Vitro Fertilization 2nd edn. A.O. Trounson and D.K. Gardner, eds. CRC Press, Florida, pp. 431 - 465.

Sathananthan, A.H., and Trounson, A.O. (1985) Human pronuclear ovum: fine structure of monospermic and polyspermic fertilization in vitro.
Gamete Res. 12: 385 - 398.

Sathananthan, A.H., and Chen, C. (1986) Sperm-oocyte membrane fusion in the human during monospermic fertilisation. Gamete Res. 15: 177-186.

Sathananthan, A.H., and Trounson, A.O. (2000) Mitochondrial morphology during preimplantational human embryogenesis. Hum. Reprod. 15: (Suppl.2) 148-159.

Sathananthan, A.H., Trounson, A.O., Wood. C., Leeton J. (1982) Ultrastructural observations on the penetration of sperm into human eggs. (Pierre Soupart Memorial paper) J. Andrology, 3: 356-364.

Sathananthan, A.H., Ng, S.C., Chia, C.M. et al. (1985) The origin and distribution of cortical granules in human oocytes with reference to Golgi, nucleolar, and microfilament activity. Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 442: 251 - 264.

Sathanathan, A.H., Ng, S.C., Edirisinghe R., Ratnam S.S., Wong P.C. (1986a). Sperm-oocyte interation in the human during polyspermic fertilisation in vitro. Gamete Res. 15: 317-326.

Sathananthan, A.H., Trounson, A.O. and Wood. C. (1986b) Atlas of Fine Structure of Human Sperm Penetration, Eggs and Embryos Cultured In Vitro.

Sathananthan, A.H., Trounson, A.O., Freeman, L., et al. (1988) The effects of cooling human oocytes. Hum. Reprod. 3: 968 - 977.

Sathananthan, A.H., Bongso, A., Ng, S.C. et al. (1990) Ultrastructure of preimplantation human embryos co-cultured with human ampullary cells. Hum. Reprod. 5: 309-318.

Sathananthan, A.H., Kola, I., Osborne, J. et al. (1991) Centrioles in the beginning of human development. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 88: 4806-4810.

Sathananthan, A.H., Ng, S.C., Bongso, A., et al. (1993) Visual Atlas of Early Human Development for Assisted Reproductive Technology. National University of Singapore, Serono, Singapore, pp. 209.

Sathananthan, A.H., Ratnam, S.S., Ng, S.C., et al. (1996) The sperm centriole: its inheritance, replication and perpetuation in early human embryos. Hum. Reprod.
11: 345 - 356.

Sathananthan, A.H., Szell, A., Ng, S.C., et al. (1997) Is the acrosome a prerequisite for sperm incorporation after intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)? Reprod. Fertil. Dev. 9: 703-709.

Sathananthan, A.H., Ratnam, S.S, Trounson A.O., Edwards R.G. (1999a). Early Human development CD-ROM. Hum. Reprod. Update 5(1): 89.

Sathananthan A.H., Tarin, J.J., Gianaroli, L., Ng, S.C., Dharmawardena, V., Magli, M.C., Fernando, R., Trounson, A.O. (1999b). Development of the human dispermic embryo (CD-ROM). Hum. Reprod. Update 5(5): 553-560

Sathananthan, A.H., Selvaraj, K., and Trounson, A.O. (2000) Fine structure of human oogonia in the foetal ovary. Mol. Cell. Endocrin., 161: 3 - 8.

Sathananthan, A.H., Menezes.J. and Gunasheela,S. (2003) Mechanics of human blastocyst hatching in vitro. Reprod.BioMed.Online 6: in press.

Sathananthan, A.H., Gunasheela, S., and Menezes,J. (2003) Critical evaluation of human blastocysts for ART and ES cell biotechnology (CD-ROM)Reprod.BioMed.Online 6: in press.

Sathananthan, A.H, 2007, The derivation of embryonic stem cells for therapy: new  technologies. Reproductive BioMedicine Online 14: 635-639 (Online)

  Sathananthan, A.H, Selvaraj, K., Girijashankar, M.L., Ganesh, V., Selvaraj, P., Trounson, A.O, 2006, From oogonia to mature oocytes: inactivation of the maternal centrosome in humans, Microscopic Research Technique, 69:  396-407 (Review)

 Sathananthan, A. H, Trounson, A. O, 2005, Human embryonic stem cells  and their spontaneous differentiation, Fifth International Malpighi Symposium,  Rome, September 2003, Italian Journal of Anatomy and Embryology, 110: 151-157

 Sathananthan, A.H., Ratnasooriya, W.D., Silva, A.D.,Randeniya, P, 2005, Rediscovering Boveri's centrosome in Ascaris (1888): Its impact on human fertility and development, Reproductive BioMedicine Online , 12: 254-270 (Review)

 Fong, C., Sathananthan, A. H, Wong, P. C, Bongso, A., 2004,  Nine-day-old human embryo cultured in vitro: a clue to the origins  of embryonic stem cells, Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 9: 321-325

 Sathananthan, A. H, Gunasheela, S., Trounson A., 2008, Human sperm and egg: their  contributions to  fertilization and  embryogenesis, in The Infertility Manual, eds Kamini A Rao, Peter R Brinsden and A Henry Sathananthan (3rd ed),  Jaypee Brothers, India, (in press)

 Sathananthan, A.H.,  Osianlis, T., 2008, Human embryo assessment for deriving embryonic stem cells. In: T.Kursad (ed) HES protocol volume ( in press)

 Sathananthan, A.H., Gunasheela, S., Gunasheela, D.,Jaykumar, A.,2008, Derivation of human embryonic cells from blastocysts. In K.Deb (ed) Stem cells: Basics and Applications, McGraw Hill, India (in press)
Sathananthan A.H, 2008, Human fertilisation after IVF and ICSI. In Flemming, S., Matson, P.(eds)  SIRT Course Textbook, Fertlity Society of Australia (in press)

 Sathananthan A.H., 2007,  Embryo morphology in repeated ART failures In: Recurrent Pregnancy Loss. M.Arora, J.C.   Konje JC (eds), Jaypee, New Delhi, pp 212-230.
 Sathananthan, A.H., Nottola S.A, 2007, Digital imaging of stem cells by electron  microscopy,  In Vermuri, M.C. (ed)   Stem Cell Assays:  Methods in Molecular Biology Series 407, Humana Press pp 21-42.

 Sathananthan, A.H., Gunasheela, S, 2007, Human oocyte and embryo assessment for ART, InElder,K.,Cohen,J. (eds) Human Preimplantation Embryo Selection 1st ed, Informa, Healthcare pp 1-14

Sathananthan, A.H., Trounson, A, 2007, In vitro differentiation of human embryonic stem cells, In Sullivan, S .Cowan, C., Eggan, K,(eds)  Human Embryonic Stem Cells: A Practical Handbook” Wiley Press pp 149-168



Prof. Carl Wood for introducing the author to the IVF program at the Queen Victoria Medical Center (Monash University) in 1977, when he started his research in early human development with Drs. Alan Trounson and Alex Lopata. He has worked with Prof.Trounson for the past 24 years.He is also indebted to the Lincoln Institute of Health Sciences, La Trobe University and the Royal Childrens Hospital, Melbourne for the facilities for his research with Monash University from the very onset. He thanks all his co-authors, collaborators, clinicians and technicians in Melbourne and overseas who have helped him in his research and publications over the years, especially Prof. A. Trounson (Melbourne), Late Emeritus Prof. S.S. Ratnam, Profs. S.C. Ng and A. Bongso (Singapore), Dr J. J. Tarin (Spain), Dr L Gianaroli (Bologna), Late Prof. P. M. Motta (Rome), Prof. S. Suzuki (Keio), Drs. S. Gunasheela, K.Rao and J. Menezes (Bangalore), Dr. K. Selvaraj, Dr. S. Begum (Madras), Dr. V. Metgud (Belgaum), Drs. S. Ganatra and R. Pai (Bombay) and Prof. W. D. Ratnasooriya (Colombo). Editorial assistance from Drs.Y.Munesighe and M.Weerasiri (Melbourne),technical assistance from Ms.Jean Ho (Singapore), Ms. V.Dharmawardena , A. de Silva (Colombo), K. Nanayakkara, K. Harris and Ms.Chris & Robyn Mayberry (Monash) is duely acknowledged. Special thanks are also due to Prof R.G. Edwards (Cambridge), Prof. G. Burnstock (Melbourne & London), Prof. G. Schatten (USA) and Prof. D. de Kretser (Melbourne) who have been a constant source of encouragement and inspiration.

Dr Sathananthan is indebted to the late Prof. Wilfred Fernando (Ceylon) who taught him the basics of embryology; late Prof. Hilary Crusz (Ceylon) who taught him how to do research; his biology teacher at school the late Mr. V. Ariartnam; his Ph. D. supervisors in England Prof. A. Graham and late Prof. V. Fretter (Reading); late Prof. J. R. Baker (Oxford) who taught him electron microscopy and Prof. P. D. Nieuwkoop (Utrecht) who gave him facilities for training in experimental embryology. His mentors and counsellors were the late Rev. Fr. Peter A. Pillai O.M.I., Rector, St Joseph's College, Colombo, and recently the late Emeritus Prof.C.J.Eliezer (La Trobe, Melbourne).

Finally he thanks the thousands of his students for their encouragement and feedback in his teaching with visual aids over the past forty years in Melbourne and overseas. The late Mr.Raymond Fernando did most of the digital imaging. New Wave Media, Melbourne, designed the website, which was completed by Mr.A.Greasely. Mr. Chris Ariaratnam gave advice on computer hardware and software. Mr H.Nguyen assisted in updates 1 and 2 and Mr Damian Murphy in updates 3 to 14. The author is indebted to Serono,Singapore, for sponsoring two visual atlases and conference support.The images were generated using Jeol, Philips, Leitz, Wild, Nikon and Olympus microscopes.